University of Calgary

Douglas Clark

  • Professor
  • Research Professor - Design Based Learning

PROFILE

Dr. Clark was born in Wisconsin, and he and his family moved all around the United States during his childhood. After college, Dr. Clark taught high school and middle school science in Arizona and California. Dr. Clark is married and has two children. Dr. Clark completed his MA at Stanford University and PhD at University of California at Berkeley in Math, Science, and Technology Education. Prior to joining University of Calgary in 2017, Dr. Clark was a professor at Vanderbilt University in the United States. Dr. Clark loves playing digital games and imported board games of all kinds.

Research & Scholarly Activity

My research spans multiple areas, and I look for students who are interested in working with me in one or more of these general areas. Historically, my research has focused heavily in two general areas:

  1. Designing simulations, games, and multimedia inquiry environments for science learning (e.g., http://www.surgeuniverse.com).
  2. Engaging students in explanation and argumentation alone or in groups online, face-to-face, or in writing to learn about scientific and socio-scientific topics. This work has focused on supporting people in critical thinking around claims and evidence).

Since coming to University of Calgary, I have continued this prior work while also developing several new projects and collaborations at University of Calgary. 

  1. The first of these new projects focuses on designing and developing physical and digital versions of a game to support Grade 7 students learning Geometry in the context of transforming shapes across a Cartesian plane with an emphasis on gameplay, design, and learning analytics. This project is in collaboration with Professor Man-Wai Chu, Calgary Catholic School District, Vanderbilt University, and Mindfuel (formerly Science Alberta Foundation).
  2. The second of these projects focuses on supporting teachers in learning about design processes and social emotional learning so that the teachers can design opportunities for social emotional learning into their curricula. This project is in collaboration with Professor Xu Zhao and Galileo.
  3. The third project focuses on assessing the efficacy of an undergraduate Citizen Science initiative to support high school students outside of school in conducting and publishing citizen science research using large databases on topics such as cancer and the environment. This project is in collaboration with Youreka Canada.
  4. The fourth project focuses on analyzing the learning processes of UCalgary BEd students across the core Werklund design course. This project is in collaboration with Professor David Scott and Stephanie Bartlett.

Across all of these projects I am very interested in issues of learning, design, engagement, critical thinking, problem solving, and motivation. If you are interested in potentially applying to our programs and working with me at University of Calgary in one of these areas or other related areas, please email me at about your interests.

Education

PhD in Education in Mathematics, Science, and Technology
University of California at Berkeley

MA in Science Education
Stanford University

BA in Biology
Institution University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

Professional & Community Affiliations

Dr. Clark has served as Associate Editor of the Journal of the Learning Sciences. He has also served on the editorial boards of several of the most prestigious journals in Science Education and the Learning Sciences including Journal of the Learning Sciences, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, and Science Education. He is a Survey Assessment Innovations Lab Network advisor to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in the United States and was one of the original twenty members of the Academic Consortium on Games for Impact that was initially commissioned by the US White House Office of Science and Technology Policy.  In addition, he is active with local schools and runs a weekly role-playing club for middle school and high school students at one of the schools.

  • International Society of the Learning Sciences
  • American Educational Research Association
  • Games, Learning, and Society

Publications

*Please see full list including book chapters at www.dougclark.info

Clark, D. B., & Sengupta, P. (in press). Reconceptualizing Games for Integrating Computational Thinking and Science as Practice: Collaborative Agent-Based Disciplinarily-Integrated Games. Interactive Learning Environments.

Pierson, A. & Clark, D. B. (in press). Sedimentation of Modeling Practices: Dimensions of Co-Operative Action at a Classroom Scale. Science & Education.

Krinks, K., Sengupta, P., & Clark, D. B. (In Press). Benchmark lessons, modeling, and programming: Integrating games with modeling in the curriculum. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations.

Dikici, A., Özdemir, G., & Clark, D. B. (2018 online). The relationship between demographic variables and scientific creativity: Mediating and moderating roles of scientific process skills. Research in Science Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-018-9763-2

Pierson, A. & Clark, D. B. (2018). Engaging students in computational modeling: The role of an external audience in shaping conceptual learning, model quality, and classroom discourse. Science Education, 102(6), 1336-1362 https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.21476

Van Eaton, G., Clark, D. B., & Sengupta, P. (2018). Revoicing, bridging, and stuttering across formal, physical, and virtual spaces. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations, 10(2), 21-46. https://doi:10.4018/IJGCMS.2018040102

Clark, D. B., Tanner-Smith, E., Hostetler, A., Fradkin, A., & Polikov, V. (2018). Substantial Integration of Typical Educational Games into Extended Curricula. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 27(2), 265-318. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2017.1333431

Pierson, A., Clark, D. B., & Sherard, M. (2017). Learning Progressions in Context: Tensions and Insights from a Semester-Long Middle School Modeling Curriculum. Science Education, 101(6), 1061–1088. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.21314

Martinez-Garza, M., & Clark, D. B. (2017). Investigating epistemic stances in game play with data mining. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations, 9(3),1-40. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJGCMS.2017070101  https://www.igi-global.com/article/investigating-epistemic-stances-game-play/191243

Kinnebrew, J., Killingsworth, S., Clark, D. B., Biswas, G., Sengupta, P., Minstrell, J., Martinez-Garza, M., & Krinks, K., (2017). Contextual markup and mining in digital games for science learning: Connecting player behaviors to learning goals. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 10(1), 93-103. https://doi.org/10.1109/TLT.2016.2521372

Virk, S. S., Clark, D. B., & Sengupta, P. (2017). The design of disciplinarily-integrated games as multirepresentational systems. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations, 9(3), 67-95. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJGCMS.2017070103  https://www.igi-global.com/article/design-disciplinarily-integrated-games-multirepresentational/191245

Clark, D. B., Virk, S. S., Barnes, J., & Adams, D. M. (2016). Self-explanation and digital games: Adaptively increasing abstraction. Computers & Education, 103, 28-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2016.09.010

Clark, D. B., Tanner-Smith, E., & Killingsworth, S. (2016). Digital games, design, and learning: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Review of Educational Research, 86(1), 79-122. https://doi.org/10.3102/0034654315582065  http://rer.sagepub.com/content/86/1/79.full.pdf+html 

Clark, D. B., Virk, S. S., Sengupta, P., Brady, C., Martinez-Garza, M., Krinks, K., Killingsworth, S., Kinnebrew, J., Biswas, G., Barnes, J., Minstrell, J., Nelson, B., Slack, K., & D’Angelo, C. M. (2016). SURGE’s evolution deeper into formal representations: The siren’s call of popular game-play mechanics. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 7(1), 107-146. https://doi.org/10.14434/ijdl.v7i1.19359  https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/ijdl/article/view/19359

Sengupta, P., & Clark, D. B. (2016). Playing Modeling Games in the Science Classroom: The Case for Disciplinary Integration. Educational Technology, 56(3), 16-22. https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.05094

Basu, S., Biswas, G., Sengupta, P., Dickes, A., Kinnebrew, J., Clark, D. B. (2016). Identifying middle school students’ challenges in computational thinking-based science learning. Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning, 11(1), 1-35. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41039-016-0036-2  http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s41039-016-0036-2    

Sengupta, P., Krinks, K., & Clark, D. B. (2015). Learning to deflect: Conceptual change in physics during digital game play. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 24(4), 638-674. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2015.1082912    

Killingsworth, S., Clark, D. B., & Adams, D. M. (2015). Self-explanation and explanatory feedback in games: individual differences, gameplay, and learning. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology. 3(3), 162-186.  http://ijemst.com/issues/3_3_1_Killingsworth_Clark_Adams.pdf

Virk, S. S., Clark, D. B., & Sengupta, P. (2015). Digital Games as Multirepresentational Environments for Science Learning: Implications for Theory, Research, and Design. Educational Psychologist. 50(4), 284-312. https://doi.org/10.1080/00461520.2015.1128331

Clark, D. B., & Martinez-Garza, M. (2015). Deep Analysis of Nuances and Epistemic Frames Around Argumentation and Learning in Informal Learning Spaces. Computers in Human Behavior, 53, 617-620. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.066

Clark, D. B., Sengupta, P., Brady, C., Martinez-Garza, M., & Killingsworth, S. (2015). Disciplinary Integration in Digital Games for Science Learning. International STEM Education Journal, 2(2), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-014-0014-4  http://www.stemeducationjournal.com/content/pdf/s40594-014-0014-4.pdf 

Schleigh, S. P., Clark, D. B., & Menekse, M. (2015). Constructed-response as an alternative to interviews in conceptual change studies: Students’ explanations of force. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, 3(1), 14-36.

http://ijemst.com/issues/3.1.2.Schleigh_Clark_Menekse.pdf

Van Eaton, G., Clark, D. B., & Smith, B. E. (2015). Patterns of physics reasoning in face-to-face and online forum collaboration around a digital game. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, 3(1), 1-13. http://ijemst.com/issues/3.1.1.Van_Eaton_Clark_Smith.pdf

Clark, D. B., Menekse, M., Ozdemir, G., D’Angelo, C. M., & Schleigh, S. P. (2014). Exploring sources of variation in studies of knowledge structure coherence: Comparing force meanings and force meaning consistency across two Turkish cities. Science Education, 98(1), 143-181. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.21094

Adams, D. M., & Clark D. B. (2014). Integrating self-explanation functionality into a complex game environment: Keeping gaming in motion. Computers and Education, 73, 149-159.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.01.002    

Martinez-Garza, M., Clark, D. B., & Nelson, B. (2013). Advances in assessment of students’ intuitive understanding of physics through gameplay data. International Journal of Gaming and Computer-Mediated Simulations, 5(4), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijgcms.2013100101  

Martinez-Garza, M., Clark, D. B., & Nelson, B., (2013). Digital games and the US National Research Council’s science proficiency goals. Studies in Science Education, 49(2), 170-208. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057267.2013.839372   

Sengupta, P., Kinnebrew, J., Basu, S., Biswas, G., & Clark, D. B. (2013). Integrating computational thinking with K-12 science education using agent-based computation: A theoretical framework. Education & Information Technologies, 18(2), 351-380. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-012-9240-x    

Clark, D. B., Touchman, S., Martinez-Garza, M., Ramirez-Marin, F., & Drews, C. S. (2012). Bilingual language supports in online science inquiry environments. Computers and Education, 58(4), 1207-1224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.11.019   

Clark, D. B., D’Angelo, C. M., & Schleigh, S. P. (2011). Comparison of students' knowledge structure coherence and understanding of force in the Philippines, Turkey, China, Mexico, and the United States. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 20(20), 207-261. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508406.2010.508028   

Clark, D. B., Nelson, B., Chang, H., D’Angelo, C. M., Slack, K., & Martinez-Garza, M. (2011). Exploring Newtonian mechanics in a conceptually-integrated digital game: Comparison of learning and affective outcomes for students in Taiwan and the United States. Computers and Education, 57(3), 2178-2195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.05.007   

Sampson, V. D., & Clark, D. B. (2011). A Comparison of the collaborative scientific argumentation practices of two high and two low performing groups. Research in Science Education, 41(1), 63-97. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-009-9146-9  

Clark, D. B., D’Angelo, C. M., & Menekse, M. (2009). Initial structuring of online discussions to improve learning and argumentation: Incorporating students' own explanations as seed comments versus an augmented-preset approach to seeding discussions. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 18(4), 321-333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-009-9159-1   

Ozdemir, G., & Clark, D. B. (2009). Knowledge structure coherence in Turkish students’ understanding of force. Journal of Research on Science Teaching, 46(5), 570-596. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20290    

Sampson, V. D., & Clark, D. B. (2009). The impact of collaboration on the outcomes of scientific argumentation. Science Education, 93(3), 448-484. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.20306   

Clark, D. B., & Sampson, V. D. (2008). Assessing dialogic argumentation in online environments to relate structure, grounds, and conceptual quality. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 45(3), 293-321. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.20216  

Sampson, V. D., & Clark, D. B. (2008). Assessment of the ways students generate arguments in science education: Current perspectives and recommendations for future directions. Science Education, 92(3), 447-472. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.20276   

Clark, D. B., Reynolds, S., Lemanowski, V., Stiles, T., Yasar, S., Proctor, S., Lewis, E., Stromfors, C., & Corkins, J. (2008). University students' conceptualization and interpretation of topographic maps. International Journal of Science Education, 30(3), 377-408. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690701191433   

Clark, D., Sampson, V. D., Weinberger, A., & Erkens, G., (2007). Analytic frameworks for assessing dialogic argumentation in online learning environments. Educational Psychology Review, 19(3), 343-374. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-007-9050-7   

Ozdemir, G., & Clark, D. B. (2007). An overview of conceptual change theories. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science, and Technology Education, 3(4), 351-361. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/75414  http://www.ejmste.com/v3n4/EJMSTE_v3n4_Ozdemir_Clark.pdf 

Clark, D. B., & Sampson, V. D. (2007). Personally-Seeded Discussions to Scaffold Online Argumentation. International Journal of Science Education, 29(3), 253-277. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690600560944   

Weinberger, A., Clark, D., Häkkinen, P., Tamura, Y., & Fischer, F. (2007). Argumentative knowledge construction in online learning environments in and across different cultures: A collaboration script perspective. Research in Comparative and International Education, 2(1), 68-79. https://doi.org/10.2304/rcie.2007.2.1.68    

Medina-Jerez, W., Clark, D. B., Medina, A. & Ramirez-Marin, F. (2007). Science for ELL: Re-thinking our approach. The Science Teacher, 74(3), 52-56. http://www.nsta.org/publications/news/story.aspx?id=53492  

Sampson, V. D. & Clark, D. (2007). Incorporating scientific argumentation into inquiry-based activities with online personally-seeded discussions. The Science Scope, 30(6), 43-47. http://www.nsta.org/publications/news/story.aspx?id=53328  

Clark, D. B. (2006). Longitudinal conceptual change in students’ understanding of thermal equilibrium: An examination of the process of conceptual restructuring. Cognition and Instruction, 24(4), 467-563. https://doi.org/10.1207/s1532690xci2404_3 

Simons, K., & Clark, D. B. (2004). Supporting inquiry in science classrooms with the web. Computers in the Schools 3/4(21), 23-36. https://doi.org/10.1300/J025v21n03_04  

Clark, D. B., & Jorde, D. (2004). Helping students revise disruptive experientially supported ideas about thermodynamics: Computer visualizations and tactile models. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 41(1), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.10097   

Clark, D. B., & Fischer, F. (2003). Learning through online collaborative discourse. The International Journal of Educational Policy, Research and Practice, IV(1), 11-16.

Clark, D. B., & Linn, M. C. (2003). Designing for knowledge integration: The impact of instructional time. Journal of Learning Sciences, 12(4), 451-493. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327809JLS1204_1

Clark, D. B., Weinberger, A., Jucks, I., Spitulnik, M., & Wallace, R. (2003). Designing effective science inquiry in text-based computer-supported collaborative learning environments. The International Journal of Educational Policy, Research and Practice, IV(1), 55-82.

Linn, M. C., Clark, D. B., & Slotta, J. D. (2003). WISE design for knowledge integration. Science Education, 87(4), 517-538. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.10086

Spitulnik, M., Bouillion, E., Rummel, N., Clark, D. B., Fischer, F. (2003). Collaborative online environments for lifelong learning: design issues from a situated learning perspective. The International Journal of Educational Policy, Research and Practice, IV(1), 83-116.

Clark, D. B., & Slotta, J. D. (2000). Evaluating media-enhancement and source authority on the internet: The Knowledge Integration Environment. International Journal of Science Education, 22(8), 859-871. https://doi.org/10.1080/095006900412310

Awards

Journal of the Learning Sciences Reviewer of the Year, 2016

National Academy of Education/Spencer Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2006-2008

Outstanding Dissertation Award, UC Berkeley School of Education, 2001

National Science Foundation Science and Design Fellowship, 1999-2000

Chancellor's Award for Botany, University of North Carolina, 1989

Media Work

Clark, D. B. (2017). Can Typical Educational Games Support Learning Within Curriculum? Blog on Joan Ganz Cooney Center site about games and learning. http://www.joanganzcooneycenter.org/2017/06/21/can-typical-educational-games-support-learning-within-curriculum/

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