University of Calgary

Sarah Elaine Eaton

  • Associate Professor


Dr. Eaton earned her B.A. (Hons.) from Saint Mary’s University (Halifax, Canada) and both her M.A. (Spanish) and Ph.D (Educational Leadership) from the University of Calgary (Calgary, Canada). Eaton began teaching at the University of Calgary in 1994 as a part-time sessional instructor. She is currently an Associate Professor, specializing in Educational Leadership, Policy and Governance.

She has presented her work and conducted teacher training and faculty development and seminars across Canada, as well as in the UK, the US, Mexico, Honduras, and Cuba.

Research & Scholarly Activity

Dr. Eaton’s research program focuses on academic ethics, specializing in academic integrity including plagiarism, contract cheating, and academic misconduct policy.

Funded Reserach:

  • Academic Integrity Online: Developing Support Mechanisms for Online Graduate Students to Understand Plagiarism. University of Calgary Teaching and Learning Grant. Sarah Elaine Eaton (P.I.), Jennifer Lock (Co-Investigator) and Meadow Schroeder (Co-Investigator) $35,206.00 CAD
  • Research Development Grant, Werklund School of Education. Sarah Elaine Eaton (P.I.) $1,500 CAD
  • Pre-service teachers at risk: Intervention strategies for and by teachers. Alberta Advisory Committee for Educational Studies (AACES) Grant). Amy Burns, PI; Sarah Elaine Eaton (Co-Investigator), Diane Gereluk and Katherine Mueller (Co-Investigators) $5,984 CAD
  • Investigating academic integrity in the Werklund School of Education: Process, policy and perceptions. Werklund School of Education, Office of Teaching and Learning, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Grant.  Sarah Elaine Eaton (P.I.) $10,000 CAD.
  • Student Learning in Synchronous Online Classes. Werklund School of Education, Office of Teaching and Learning, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Grant.  Barbara Brown, (P.I.), Sarah Elaine Eaton (Co-investigator) and Meadow Schroeder (Co-investigator) $10,000 CAD.
  • Developing a Community-Based Bachelor of Education Program, Dr. Dianne Gereluk (P.I.), Dr. Roswita Dressler (Co-investigator) and Dr. S. Eaton (Co-investigator), SSHRC Insight Development Enhancement Grant, Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary. $2500 CAD
  • Building a Robust Online Teacher Education Program - Dr. Dianne Gereluk (P.I.), Dr. Roswita Dressler (Co-investigator) and Dr. S. Eaton (Co-investigator), Werklund School of Education, Office of Teaching and Learning, Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Grant. $10,000 CAD.


Doctor of Philosophy
University of Calgary

Master of Arts
University of Calgary

Bachelor of Arts (Honours)
Saint Mary’s University

Memberships and Affiliations

Memberships include:

  • British Educational Research Association (BERA)
  • Canadian Association for the Study of Education (CSSE)
  • Canadian Association for Teacher Education (CATE)
  • Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE)
  • American Educational Research Association (AERA)
  • International Society for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (ISSOTL)
  • Society for the Study of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (STLHE)
  • International Center for Academic Integrity (ICAI)

In addition, Dr. Eaton offers expertise to a variety of government and non-profit organizations. From 2012 to 2017 she supported the U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of English Language Programs with her knowledge in the areas of program development, evaluation and strategic planning for educational organizations. Her work has contributed to the ongoing development and improvement of public diplomacy programs enacted through the teaching of American English that operate in more than 100 countries worldwide.

Selected Publications

Journal Articles (*Denotes graduate student co-author)

Eaton, S. E., *Fernández Conde, C., *Rothschuh, S., *Guglielmin, M., & *Otoo, B. K. (2020). Plagiarism: A Canadian higher education case study of policy and practice gaps. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 66(4), 471-488.

Stoesz, B., & Eaton, S. E. (2020). Understanding the academic integrity policies of publicly funded universities in western Canada. Educational Policy.

Eaton, S. E., & *Turner, K. L. (2020). Exploring academic integrity and mental health during COVID-19: Rapid review. Journal of Contemporary Education Theory & Research, 4(2), 34-41. Retrieved from

* Colpitts, B. D. F., *Usick, B. L., & Eaton, S. E. (2020). Doctoral student reflections of blended learning before and during COVID-19. Journal of Contemporary Education Theory & Research, 4(2), 3-11. Retrieved from

Eaton, S. E. (2020). Academic Integrity During COVID-19: Reflections from the University of Calgary. International Studies in Educational Administration, 48(1), 80-85. Retrieved from

Hayden, A. K., Eaton, S. E., Crossman, K., Penaluna, L.-A., & Lenart, B. (2020). Text-matching software in post-secondary contexts: A systematic review protocol. Canadian Perspectives on Academic Integrity, 3(1), 6-24. doi:

Eaton, S. E., Crossman, K., Behjat, L., Yates, R. M., Fear, E., & Trifkovic, M. (2020). An institutional self-study of text-matching software in a Canadian graduate-level engineering program. Journal of Academic Ethicsdoi:

Eaton, S. E. (2020). Ethical considerations for research conducted with human participants in languages other than English. British Educational Research Journal (Online first). doi:10.1002/berj.3623

MacLeod, P. D., & Eaton, S. E. (2020). The paradox of faculty attitudes toward student violations of academic integrity. Journal of Academic Ethics. doi:10.1007/s10805-020-09363-4

Lock, J., Schroeder, M., & Eaton, S. E. (2019). Designing and implementing an online academic integrity tutorial: Identifying the challenges within a post-secondary context. Journal of Educational Thought, 52(3), 193-208.

Eaton, S. E., Chibry, N., Toye, M. A., & Rossi, S. (2019). Interinstitutional perspectives on contract cheating: A qualitative narrative exploration from Canada. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 15(9). doi:

Stoesz, B., Eaton, S. E., Miron, J. B., & *Thacker, E. (2019). Academic integrity and contract cheating policy analysis of colleges in Ontario, Canada. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 15(4), 1-18. doi:

Eaton, S. E., & Dressler, R. (2019). Multilingual essay mills: Implications for second language teaching and learning. Notos, 14(2), 4-14. Retrieved from

Eaton, S. E., & Burns, A. (2018). Exploring the intersection between culturally responsive pedagogy and academic integrity among EAL students in Canadian higher education. Journal of Educational Thought, 51(3), 339-359. 

Eaton, S. E. (2018). Innovating integrity in online learning contexts. Journal for Research and Practice in College Teaching, 3(2), 98-103. Retrieved from 

Jacobsen, D. M., McDermott, M., Brown, B., Eaton, S. E., & Simmons, M. (2018). Graduate students' research-based learning experiences in an online Master of Education program. Journal of University Teaching & Learning Practice15(4). Retrieved from

Eaton, S. E., & *Edino, R. I. (2018). Strengthening the research agenda of educational integrity in Canada: A review of the research literature and call to action. Journal of Educational Integrity, 14(1). doi:

Eaton, S. E., & Crossman, K. (2018). Self-plagiarism research literature in the social sciences: A scoping review. Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education, 49(3), 285-311. doi:10.1007/s10780-018-9333-6

Jacobsen, D. M., Eaton, S. E., Brown, B., Simmons, M., & McDermott, M. (2018). Action research for graduate program improvements: A response to curriculum mapping and review. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 48(1), 82-98. Retrieved from

Lock, J. V., Eaton, S. E., & *Kessy, E. (2017). Fostering self-regulation in online learning in K-12 education. Northwest Journal of Teacher Education, 12(2), 1-13. Retrieved from doi:10.15760/nwjte.2017.12.2.2

Eaton, S. E. (2017). Perceptions of ESL program management in Canadian higher education: A qualitative case study. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 16(9), 13-28. Retrieved from doi:

*Kessy, E., Eaton, S. E., & Lock, J. V. (2017). Developing teachers: Reflections on self-regulated learning in professional graduate education. Canadian Journal for Teacher Research. Retrieved from

Burns, A., Brown, B., Eaton, S. E., & Mueller, K. (2017). A day in the life: Examinations of women's choices in the academy. Journal of Educational Thought, 50 (2&3), 118-137.

Eaton, S. E. (2017). Comparative analysis of institutional policy definitions of plagiarism: A pan-Canadian university study. Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education. doi: 10.1007/s10780-017-9300-7. Retrieved from:

Brown, B., Dressler, R., Eaton, S. E., & Jacobsen, D. M. (2015). Practicing what we teach: Using action research to learn about teaching action research. Canadian Journal of Action Research, 16(3), 60-77.

Brown, B., Eaton, S. E., Jacobsen, D. M., Roy, S., & Friesen, S. (2013). Instructional design collaboration: A professional learning and growth experience. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 9(3). Retrieved from

Eaton, S. E. (2012). How will Alberta’s second language students ever achieve proficiency? ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines, the CEFR and the “10,000-hour rule” in relation to the Alberta K-12 language-learning context. Notos, 12(2), 2-12.

Eaton, S. E. (2010). How to use Skype in the ESL/EFL classroom. The Internet TESL Journal, XVI(11). Retrieved from

Eaton, S. E. (2010). Leadership through language learning and teaching: Gandhi as a role model. Notos, 11(1), 2-7.

Eaton, S. E. (2005). How to promote your language program in a tough market. International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 1(2), 23-26. Retrieved from Retrieved from

Refereed Conference Proceedings

Anselmo, L., & Eaton, S. E. (2017). Making evidence informed decisions about formative written feedback. In A. P. Preciado Babb, L. Yeworiew, & S. Sabbaghan (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the IDEAS Conference 2017: Leading Educational Change Conference (pp. 57-65). Calgary, Canada: Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary. Retrieved from


Eaton, S. E., Guglielmin, M., & Otoo, B. (2017). Plagiarism: Moving from punitive to pro-active approaches. In A. P. Preciado Babb, L. Yeworiew, & S. Sabbaghan (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the IDEAS Conference 2017: Leading Educational Change Conference (pp. 28-36). Calgary, Canada: Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary. Retrieved from


Brown, B., Eaton, S. E., & Schroeder, M. (2017). Signature pedagogies in online classes. In A. P. Preciado Babb, L. Yeworiew, & S. Sabbaghan (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the IDEAS Conference 2017: Leading Educational Change Conference (pp. 66-74). Calgary, Canada: Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary. Retrieved from


Brown, B., Schroeder, M., & Eaton, S.E. (2016, May). Designing Synchronous Online Interactions and Discussions. In M. Takeuchi, A.P. Preciado Babb, & J. Lock. IDEAS 2016: Designing for Innovation Selected Proceedings. Paper presented at IDEAS 2016: Designing for Innovation, Calgary, Canada (pg 51-60). Calgary, Canada: Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary. Available from:


Brown, B., Eaton, S. E., Dressler, R., & Jacobsen, D. M. (2015). Professional collaboration as responsive pedagogy, Proceedings of the IDEAS: Rising to Challenge Conference. Calgary: Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary.


Book chapters

Eaton, S. E., & Dressler, R. (2020). Multilingual essay mills: The need for research beyond English language commercial providers. In T. Bretag (Ed.), A research agenda for academic integrity (pp. 152-162). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Brown, B., & Eaton, S. E. (2020). Using a community of inquiry lens to examine synchronous online discussions in graduate courses. In Handbook of Research on Online Discussion-Based Teaching Methods (pp. 229-262): ICI Global. doi: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3292-8.ch010

Gereluk, D., Dressler, R., Eaton, S. E., Becker, S., & Smith, C. (2020). “Growing Our Own Teachers”: Rural Individuals Becoming Certified Teachers. In M. Corbett & D. Gereluk (Eds.), Rural teacher education: Connecting land and people (pp. 137-153): Springer.

Lock, J., Kjorlien, Y., Tweedie, G., Dressler, R., Eaton, S. E., & Spring, E. (2019). Advancing the writing of academics: Stories from the writing group. In N. Simmons & A. Singh (Eds.), Critical collaboration communities: Academic writing partnerships, groups, and retreats (pp. 55-65): Brill/Sense Publishers. doi:

Eaton, S. E. (2019). Overview of higher education in Canada. In J. M. Jacob & R. Heydon (Eds.), Bloomsbury Education and Childhood Studies: Bloomsbury. doi: 10.5040/9781474209434.0004

Eaton, S. E. (2019). The role of research and knowledge creation in in higher education (Canada). In J. M. Jacob & R. Heydon (Eds.), Bloomsbury Education and Childhood Studies: Bloomsbury. doi: 10.5040/9781474209496.0002

Eaton, S. E. (2018). The impact of technology on how instructors teach and how students learn. In R. Harnish, K. R. Bridges, D. Sattler, N., M. L. Signorella, & M. Munson (Eds.), The use of technology in teaching and learning (pp. 74-80): STP. Retrieved from the Society for the Teaching and Learning of Psychology website:

Eaton, S. E. (2013). The Administration of English as a Second Language (ESL) Programs in Higher Education: Striking the Balance Between Generating Revenue and Serving Students. In Y. Hébert & A. A. Abdi (Eds.), Critical Perspectives on International Education (pp. 165-180). Rotterdam: Sense.


Reports and Research Briefs

Eaton, S. E. (2020). Race-Based Data in Student Conduct: A Call to Action. Retrieved from Calgary, Canada:


Eaton, S. E., Brown, B., Schroeder, M., Lock, J., & Jacobsen, M. (2017). Signature pedagogies for e-learning in higher education and beyond. Retrieved from


Eaton, S.E., Brown, B., & Schroeder, M. (2017). Student learning in synchronous online classes: Research project brief. Retrieved from doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.29667.55844


Eaton, S.E. (2016). Technology in English at The White House: Report. Retrieved from University of Calgary:


Eaton, S.E. (2016). Investigating academic integrity in the Werklund School of Education: Process, policy and perceptions: Research Project Brief. Retrieved from


Pedagogical and Training Materials

Eaton, S. E. (2018). Avoiding Predatory Journals and Questionable Conferences: A Resource Guide.  Retrieved from 

Eaton, S. E. (2017). Academic integrity and plagiarism: Supplementary materials for educator workshops. Calgary: University of Calgary. Retrieved from:

Eaton, S. E. (2017). Research assistant training manual: Focus groups. Calgary: University of Calgary. Retrieved from doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.28751.69288

Book reviews

Eaton, S. E. (2017). Review of the book Research methods and methodologies in education, edited by Coe, R., Waring, M., Hedges, L. V., & Arthur, J. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, (184). Retrieved from
Eaton, S. E. (2017). Review of the book The thoughtful leader: A model of integrative leadership by J. Fisher. Journal of Educational Thought, 50(1), 69-70.

Eaton, S.E. (2016). Review of the book From trainee to teacher: Reflective practice for novice teachers by T.S.C. Farrell. TESL Canada Journal, 33(2), 85-86. Retrieved from  doi:


  • Canadian Society for the Study of Higher Education (CSSHE), Research and Scholarship Award, 2020
  • Werklund School of Education, University of Calgary, Teaching Excellence Award, 2015

Press and Media

Featured Story:

Canadians can't bribe their way into university. Following the US College scandal, Jonathon Muma finds out if Canadians bribe their way in.

— Breakfast Television & CityNews Calgary (@BTCityNewsCGY) March 14, 2019

Dr. Eaton is an experienced media guest. She has been featured by CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation); CTV; Global, City TV, as well as various print / web outlets and podcasts. 



Eaton, S. E. (2020, July 5) Academic Misconduct during the Pandemic. Television interview with Jennifer Burke for CTV News Channel, Canada.

Eaton, S. E. (2020, March 3) Cheating scheme leaves 40 U of A students facing 'significant sanctions'/Interviewer: Television interview with Jason Halbauer. CTV News Edmonton & Calgary.

Eaton, S. E. (2019, October 11) Young Kids Targeted for Contract Cheating /Interviewer: J. Rocher. Bridge City News, Lethbridge, AB. Retrieved from:

Eaton, S. E. Muma, J. (Reporter). (2019, March 13). Canadian parents can't bribe universities to accept kids. Television interview with Jon Muma for CityTV News. Canada: Rogers Media Inc. Retrieved from:



Eaton, S. E. (2020, March 3) Cheating allegations at the U of A -- among computing science student/Interviewer: M. Cummings. CBC News, Edmonton AM.

Eaton, S. E. (2020, February 7) Exam cheating in Newfoundland/Interviewer: B. Hillier. CBC Newfoundland Morning.

Eaton, S. E. (2019, September 9) Academic Integrity: The Cheating Epidemic/Interviewer: M. Smyth. Lynda Steele Show, Global News Radio: 980 CKNW, Vancouver.

Calgary Eyeopener: CBC Radio.  (2017, October 18). The problem of contract cheating. (Interviewed by host, David Gray.)

Eaton, S.E. (2012, May 18). Language learning for lifelong fulfillment and joy. Your Life, Unlimited, CJOB 68, Winnipeg, MB: Interviewed by Stephanie Staples, host.


Print / web media

Lai, L. (2020, April 17). Explore academic integrity and combat virtual cheating in online courses. UCalgary News. S. Eaton, interviewed.  Retrieved from 

Antoneshyn, A. (2020, March 4). Cheating scheme leaves 40 U of A students facing 'significant sanctions'. CTV News (Edmonton). (Eaton, S.E., interviewed.)


Slark, C. (2020, February 5). Students had exam questions before writing it: BUSU president. Brandon Sun. Retrieved from (Eaton, S.E., interviewed).


Snow, J. (2019, October 9). Commercial contract cheating: How common is it? U Calgary News. Retrieved from (Eaton, S.E., interviewed).


Student and Enrollment Services Staff. (2019, February 27). What is “pay to pass”?: Understand the issues around paying for academic support. UToday. Retrieved from (Eaton, S.E., interviewed).


Werklund School of Education Staff. (2018, August 3). Quotation marks, crib notes, and contract cheating: How a new online tutorial is building awareness among online students at the Werklund School. UToday. Retrieved from (Eaton, S.E., interviewed).


Sowa, J. (2018, March 16). Campus scholars warned about increasing problem posed by predatory journals and conferences. UToday. Retrieved from


Ruddock, K. (2018, January 2). Digital repository improvements expand accessibility of research by UCalgary scholars. UToday. Retrieved from (Eaton, S.E., interviewed).


Schellenberg, J. (2017, Nov. 8). University of Calgary looks to combat emerging academic black markets. Gauntlet. Retrieved from (Eaton, S.E., interviewed).


Hunt, S. (2017, October 18). (Eaton, S.E., Interviewed.) Contract cheaters auction off homework to dark web ghostwriters. CBC News Calgary. Retrieved from


Rice, B. (2017, January 17). (Eaton, S.E., Interviewed.) When The White House Calls…. Retrieved from




C. Hunt (Producer). (2020, July 5). Episode: The Human Risk Podcast: Dr Sarah Eaton on Ethics In Academia.S. Eaton, interviewed.


S. Lawrence (Producer). (2020, April 30). Episode 141: Academic integrity: Do the right thing. S. Eaton, interviewed.

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