University of Calgary

D. Randy Garrison

  • Professor Emeritus of Education


Dr. Garrison completed his BEd and MEd at the University of Calgary specializing in mathematics and computer applications. He completed an EdD at the University of British Columbia in 1982. Dr. Garrison has served as a Director, Distance Education and Associate Dean in the Faculty of Continuing from 1985 to 1996. From 1996 to 2001 he served as Dean, Faculty of Extension at the University of Alberta. He returned to the University of Calgary to become the Director, teaching & Learning Centre. In 2012 he will assume full-time teaching responsibilities.

Research & Scholarly Activity

Dr. Garrison’s current research focus is associated with the Communities of Inquiry (CoI) theoretical framework. In general this has to do with validating the three main constructs (teaching presence, cognitive presence and social presence) and understanding the dynamics of an educational CoI in the context of online and blended learning environments. In particular, he is exploring metacognition in collaborative learning environments. Initial work has been done to define the construct and develop a metacognitive questionnaire.


University of British Columbia

University of Calgary

University of Calgary


Akyol, Z., & Garrison, D. R. (Eds.) (2013). Educational communities of inquiry: Theoretical framework, research and practice. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Vaughan, N. D., Cleveland-Innes, M., & Garrison, D. R. (2013). Teaching in blended learning environments: Creating and sustaining communities of inquiry. Athabasca, Athabasca University Press.

Garrison, D. R., & Akyol, Z. (2013). Toward the development of a metacognition construct for the community of inquiry framework. Internet and Higher Education, 17, 84-89.

Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. D. (2013). Institutional change and leadership associated with blended learning innovation: Two case studies. Internet and Higher Education, 18, 24-28.

Garrison, D. R., & Akyol, Z. (in review). Thinking collaboratively: Shared metacognition and co-regulation in communities of inquiry. In P. Redmond, J. Lock & P. A. Danaher (Eds.), Investigating Innovations and Issues in Education.

Akyol, Z., Nordstokke, D., & Garrison, D. R. (2013). Towards the Development of a Metacognition Questionnaire. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association. San Francisco, April.

The Community of Inquiry website update. Includes a comprehensive data base of research on the CoI framework.


  • Canadian Association for University Continuing Education Distinguished Research Award, 2010.
  • Sloan-C Award for Most Outstanding Achievement in Online Learning by an Individual, 2009.
  • University Continuing Education Association (USA) Frandson Book Award for Blended Learning in Higher Education, 2008.
  • Canadian Association for Distance Education, Excellence in Research Award, 2005.
  • Canadian Society for Studies in Higher Education Research, Award given for distinguished contribution to research in higher education, 2004.
Photograph of D. Randy Garrison

Curriculum Vitae

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